Skin cancer has increasingly developed into one of the most common occurrences in the UK and is primarily caused by UV rays from the sun or sun beds. However it must be remembered that there is no one kind of skin cancer. It can be subdivided into two main categories: melanoma and non-melanoma type skin cancer. There are of course other kinds of skin cancers, some of them quite rare like skin lymphoma. It is important to examine your skin carefully and to register even the slightest change and contact a reputed Skin Cancer Clinic for further investigation.
Non melanoma type skin cancer:
There are two further subdivisions of non melanoma type skin cancer, BCC or Basal cell Carcinoma and SCC or Squamous Cell Carcinoma.
Basal Cell Carcinoma:
BCC affects white skinned adults who have had prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays. It is the most common kind of skin cancer and is also known as rodent cancer. Usually a Skin Cancer Clinic will find detection of Basal Cell Carcinoma fairly easy, as it is the most common kind. They usually are located in the exposed regions of the body like the head, neck, shoulders. Due to its slow growth rate, it takes a long time to metastasize and therefore is considered to be curable in most circumstances.
The symptoms of BCC include sores which do not heal even after 4 to 6 weeks, the development of scabs in a region of the skin when there is no injury to speak of, a small raised sore which appears shiny and so on.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma:
SCC also occurs in individuals with prolonged exposure to sunlight, but it occurs in patients of immunosuppressive drugs, sites of previous injury or radiotherapy and so on. It is more likely to metastasize if not detected and treated on time. It is caused by the joining together of the keratin octets of the epidermal layer of the skin which results in a tumor.
Symptoms of SCC include ulcerous lumps on the skin, skin lesions, and crusts on the skin with a red base and so on. The development of these is more rapid than in the case of BCC.
Melanoma Type Skin Cancer:
Melanoma is a pigment in the skin cells and melanoma type skin cancer affects the cells of the skin, particularly in high risk groups like Caucasian skin types. Abnormal development of moles and raised lesions on the skin must be checked at a Skin Cancer Clinic immediately, and it is caused due to prolonged exposure to sunlight in the first 20 years of life. It is particularly common in the UK now, and the prognosis is usually good if it is detected and treated early.
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