PET Imaging Can Improve Esophageal Cancer Outcomes

With just under 17,000 new cases diagnosed in the United States each year, esophageal cancer is by far not the most common form of the disease. Even so, an estimated 15,000 people die from this often difficult-to-treat condition each year. Considering that, improving outcomes for those diagnosed with cancer of the esophagus has been the focus of intense study. New research shows that employing PET imagining during the initial treatment process may make a big difference.
The study in question involved the use of PET imaging to gauge the effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Chemotherapy is quite often used in advance of surgery in the treatment of esophageal cancer to shrink tumors and increase the odds of successful surgical outcome. The problem, however, is that chemotherapy drugs may sometimes prove ineffective in the first leg of treatment.

Researchers found that employing PET imaging to gauge the impacts chemo was having on tumors could increase the likelihood of a more positive outcome. If PET images showed little or no pathologic complete response, or pCR, in the tumor, the drug regimen was changed. Patients who were switched to a new regime during the course of the study had a pCR rate of about 18 percent. This was up from previous studies that showed pCR rates of only 5 percent for those who continued on with the initial therapy prescribed despite scans that showed tumors appeared to be non-responsive to the regimen.

Researchers say the study shows the value of tracking tumor response to adjuvant chemotherapy early. By doing so, clinicians may be better able to switch from ineffective treatments to ones that tumors do respond to. This, in turn, could lead to better overall outcomes for patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer. More research is required though to find out if changing regimens after PET scanning improves survival rates.

Esophageal cancer only makes up about 1 percent of all cancers diagnosed in the United States. Even so, it only has a survival rate of about 20 percent at the five-year mark. With that in mind, any advances in treatment protocol for this form of cancer are highly encouraging.

Esophageal cancer has a number of risk factors that people can address. While men are more likely to develop this disease, women may still suffer from it, as well. Some of the risk factors include acid reflux disease that is left untreated, obesity, smoking and overuse of alcohol. People who are concerned about their risk for esophageal cancer should seek out medical advice.

PET / CT of Las Colinas was developed with both patients and physicians in mind and our services have been used for various types of disease; primarily in detecting, staging and monitoring cancer, but also in heart disease and brain disorders.

Colon Therapy Treatment Hydro Style

Medically speaking, colon hydrotherapy is a procedure that cleanses the colon. It’s painless and doesn’t require the use of drugs or chemicals. The patient lies upon a comfortable table. While the patient lies comfortably, the therapist inserts a speculum into the patient’s rectum. Controlled warm water is infused into the speculum and into the colon. The gentle warm water flows through the colon system cleansing it. This flush of warm water, with internal debris, is then discreetly eliminated. The entire procedure is approximately forty-five minutes.

Its Uses
The medical profession uses Colon Hydrotherapy extensively. Colon therapy helps doctors detect Colorectal Cancer and in the study preparation of Colonoscopy. Colon therapy also has the ability to eliminate toxins from the body. And because of this therapy’s ability to remove toxins from the body, it is used in many detoxification treatments.

This treatment also helps remove hardened fecal debris that has been caught in the folds of the colon. Because of lack of exercise, proper diet, often continuous sitting positions, and other bodily treatment, debris becomes lodged in the folds of our colon. This becomes especially more true the older one gets.

When too much debris becomes lodged within the folds of the colon this material can produce bacteria that can cause harm to the body. Moreover, the buildup of fecal material will cause the body to become sluggish, sometimes making bending over difficult. For example, chronic constipation will slow a person down, causing them to always feel tired and make it hard to do bending tasks. With constipation material can get lodged in the folds of the colon. Hydro-Colon Therapy will help alleviate constipation and cleanse the entire colon.

Are You Need of This Treatment
We all eliminate and our elimination should take place at least once a day. If we don’t at least this, this then becomes a sign that our body is not functioning properly. Now there are many reasons that our elimination process may not take place daily. One is our eating habits. If your eating habits are inconsistent then this will affect your elimination schedule. The more inconsistent the bowels perform the more difficult it becomes for them to perform efficiently.

Colon Hydro-Therapy helps the colon perform efficiently. Most patients find the treatment very relaxing and rejuvenating. The clinics in which this therapy is performed are designed to meet the patients comfort from the moment they walk in the door.

What Are The Symptoms Of Ovarian Cancer?

The symptoms of ovarian cancer are fairly problematic to recognize regrettably. This is because they are similar to the indications of regular menstruation or menopause that many (or most) women experience frequently anyway. The chance that women who still menstruate have, is if they notice that some of the regular feelings are not quite right.

Menopausal women have a bigger problem because they are new to their situation and it is so unpredictable anyway. The symptoms of ovarian cancer include: abdominal pain, a feeling of being bloated, twinges and tiredness.

That is why it is so hard to use these indications as predictors or ovarian cancer. However, if you get these symptoms at a time when you would not usually do so, or if they last longer than normal, then it would be worth checking with a doctor or your gynecologist.

If you are concerned, naturally, you will need to get a check up, but if you are ‘umming and ahhing’, try to find out whether someone in your family has had ovarian cancer before. There is a tendency for it to run in families, but that is a fact or most forms of cancer really.

However, if you are searching into your family’s history of cancer, bear in mind that cancer can out itself in different ways. for example, a man obviously cannot have ovarian cancer, but if your dad passed away of cancer you have an increased likelihood too, albeit it in possibly another kind.

Age is another issue in the likelihood of someone having this form of cancer – the older the more likely to be expected. There is also another bizarre twist here. Women who have had a number of children are least at risk, women who have chosen not to have children are more at danger, and women who have always been incapable of having children are most at danger.

The fact is that this is such a difficult kind of cancer to self-diagnose that it is hardly worth the trouble. You have to listen to your body and trust your gut feelings. If all is not the same as you are used to, go and have a check up as soon as you can.

Apart from that, go for a ordinary check up anyway. Different countries have different recommendations, but whatever advice that your doctor or gynecologist gives you, you should follow. Ovarian cancer can be treated successfully and not only that but if it is caught early enough in young women, treatment does not necessarily mean loss of fertility.

So, the byword is do not miss your check ups. Almost 75% of women who are diagnosed early can expect a complete recovery. Young women have an even higher chance than older women, which means that older women ought to go for check ups more often than younger women.

Do not be apathetic about this form of cancer even though the symptoms of ovarian cancer are not simple to recognize, in fact that is a very good reason for you to let an expert check you out. The tests are not invasive and consist of merely a blood test and an ultra sound scan.

Daily Oral Hygiene To Keep Your Smile Healthy

To keep your smile healthy with daily oral hygiene is of utmost importance. It isn’t enough to visit the dentist regularly, you need to have a daily routine. That means brushing your teeth at least twice a day, floss regularly, and use a mouth rinse. You can find these kinds of toothpastes quite easily at almost any retailer. It also includes using a fluoride enriched toothpaste, and one that helps improve tooth enamel.

However, it isn’t just enough to do daily oral hygiene, you also have to do it the right way. One of the common mistakes that many people make is not taking enough time to brush their teeth properly. You have to brush for at least five minutes per time, and make sure that you are brushing properly, not just the front of the teeth. The back of your teeth have to be included, as well as gums, and tongue. Flossing has to be performed carefully, so you don’t damage the gum line, or miss some spots between your teeth.

There are many problems that can arise from not performing regular oral hygiene. There is of course the obvious development of cavities, which are caused by bacterial buildup that produces acids. These acids then demineralizes tooth enamel, causing your cavities. But this isn’t all the damage, plaque build up works its way into your gums, causing peritonitis, which will eventually separate them from your teeth, causing weakening, as well as tooth loss. There are many other problems as well, including bad breath, thrush, and trench mouth, just to name a few.

A study made by the Academy of General Dentistry, poor daily oral health has also been linked to other health problems as well. This can include heart disease, stroke, and in women, babies how are delivery pre-term, or have a low birth weight. Gingivitis, the early stages of gum and mouth disease, actually effects over seventy five percent of the population of the United States. Other research also shows a direct relation between poor oral health and other systemic diseases, such as cancer, kidney problems, leukemia, and even diabetes. Poor daily oral hygiene can cause tooth pain, and other mouth pains.

Luckily, all of these can be prevented through a daily oral hygiene routine. There are also other things you can do in addition to brushing and flossing on a regular basis. Coffee contributes greatly to staining of the teeth, and should be reduced. Smoking, along with a myriad of health problems, also not only stains the teeth, but also effects gums as well. Soda, and sugary sweets, all contain ingredients that love to break down tooth enamel, build up plaque, and constantly bombard your teeth with contaminates.

Luckily for you, there is a wealth of help. Outside of having a daily oral hygiene routine, there are many tips and information, both online, and from your dentist. Your dentist can supply you with toothpaste, dental floss, and other items, all for free. They can provide help with finding healthier foods, and snacks that are not only good for you, but in some cases can actually help keep your teeth healthy. You can find out online exactly what steps you need to take for brushing your teeth properly, how long, and in the right way. Even people with sensitivity can find toothpaste that won’t effect nerves.

Why Trust a Skin Cancer Clinic?

Skin cancer has increasingly developed into one of the most common occurrences in the UK and is primarily caused by UV rays from the sun or sun beds. However it must be remembered that there is no one kind of skin cancer. It can be subdivided into two main categories: melanoma and non-melanoma type skin cancer. There are of course other kinds of skin cancers, some of them quite rare like skin lymphoma. It is important to examine your skin carefully and to register even the slightest change and contact a reputed Skin Cancer Clinic for further investigation.

Non melanoma type skin cancer:

There are two further subdivisions of non melanoma type skin cancer, BCC or Basal cell Carcinoma and SCC or Squamous Cell Carcinoma.

Basal Cell Carcinoma:

BCC affects white skinned adults who have had prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays. It is the most common kind of skin cancer and is also known as rodent cancer. Usually a Skin Cancer Clinic will find detection of Basal Cell Carcinoma fairly easy, as it is the most common kind. They usually are located in the exposed regions of the body like the head, neck, shoulders. Due to its slow growth rate, it takes a long time to metastasize and therefore is considered to be curable in most circumstances.

The symptoms of BCC include sores which do not heal even after 4 to 6 weeks, the development of scabs in a region of the skin when there is no injury to speak of, a small raised sore which appears shiny and so on.

Squamous Cell Carcinoma:

SCC also occurs in individuals with prolonged exposure to sunlight, but it occurs in patients of immunosuppressive drugs, sites of previous injury or radiotherapy and so on. It is more likely to metastasize if not detected and treated on time. It is caused by the joining together of the keratin octets of the epidermal layer of the skin which results in a tumor.

Symptoms of SCC include ulcerous lumps on the skin, skin lesions, and crusts on the skin with a red base and so on. The development of these is more rapid than in the case of BCC.

Melanoma Type Skin Cancer:

Melanoma is a pigment in the skin cells and melanoma type skin cancer affects the cells of the skin, particularly in high risk groups like Caucasian skin types. Abnormal development of moles and raised lesions on the skin must be checked at a Skin Cancer Clinic immediately, and it is caused due to prolonged exposure to sunlight in the first 20 years of life. It is particularly common in the UK now, and the prognosis is usually good if it is detected and treated early.

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Lungs Cancer – Causes and Prevention

You must have seen dozens of ads on TV, newspapers and magazines on lung cancer and wondered what it’s all about, how does the lung work, and what makes it malfunction? Here we have the answers to some of your questions.

How does the lung work?

Your lungs are very important for your existence. When you draw air through your noses, the air passes through your lungs where the oxygen is absorbed by the lungs and carbon di oxide produced in your body is released, this then passes out of your body when you exhale. Without them your body will not receive oxygen and all your vital organs including your brain. Needless to say you will not survive of your brain stops working.

Reasons behind lung malfunction

There are many risk factor of lung cancer. The presence of one of more risk factors doesn’t necessarily mean a person will have cancer of the lungs; nonetheless this is a good way to stay away from all cancer risks.

Nicotine Smoke: All forms of nicotine smoke whether it’s from cigarettes or from a cigar is bad for the lungs. There are evidences which point a direct finger at nicotine for the huge number of lung cancer deaths. In the last century, lung cancer was not as common because cigars and cigarettes were quite few and far between.

Asbestos: Non-smokers suffer from lung cancer for a different reason altogether. Asbestos is the largest cause of lung cancer among non-smokers. Besides this, radon is also a known cause of concern. Radon levels in the soil vary across the country, but they can be high almost anywhere. Homes in some parts of the United States built on soil with natural uranium deposits can have high indoor radon levels (especially in basements). Studies from these areas have found that the risk of lung cancer is higher in those who have lived for many years in a radon-contaminated house.

Personal History of Lung Cancer: Though there are not clear indications of any connection between genes and lung cancer. However, there has been evidence that if someone in your family has cancer then there is a slight increase in the probability of you developing cancer as well.

Early detection is not common. The evident symptoms of lung cancer become evident only in the advanced stage. In most cases patients completely ignore their initial symptoms thinking of them as initial signs of smoking related infections etc. If you experience pain, breathlessness and cough, do not lose any time in seeing a doctor.

What Is The Cause Of Acid Reflux Disease in Adults

Exactly what is the cause of acid reflux disease in adults is still the subject of ongoing research.
People can develop acid reflux disease for a variety of reasons and many different factors can increase the chances of someone developing acid reflux.
Smoking is a large contributor with acid reflux and is believed to be the cause of a number of different problems that could lead to acid reflux disease (GERD).
Smoking damages the mucus membranes that protect the lining of the stomach from the effects of stomach acid. The swallowing reflex in the throat can also be damaged by nicotine making it difficult to eat properly and more likely that food and stomach contents will be regurgitated.
The acid secretions of the body can increase in smokers worsening the symptoms of acid reflux and heartburn. In the same way that smoking can weaken the swallowing reflex it can also weaken the Lower esophageal sphincter (LES). This is a ring of muscle that closes off the top of your stomach helping to keep your stomach contents in.
When this is weakened it makes it easier for food and stomach acid to be refluxed back into the esophagus, causing heartburn.
Smoking can also reduce the production of saliva which we use to aid digestion and neutralize stomach acid.
It also increases the risk of certain types of throat cancer.
Long term acid reflux can lead to changes to the lining of the esophagus. Tissue changes to resemble the lining of the stomach, developing their own protective mucus layer. This condition, known as Barretts Esophagus leads to esophageal cancer in a small number of patients and needs to be regularly monitored.

Abnormalities in the stomach, such as a hiatal hernia can lead to an increased risk of acid reflux. Normally, the esophagus passes through our diaphragm connecting to the top of the. In someone who has a hiatal hernia, a small portion of the stomach and the LES gets pushed through and trapped above the diaphragm. Whenever we eat, food can get caught in this portion of the stomach, increasing pressure on the lower esophageal sphincter and causing acid reflux.

During pregnancy there is an increased risk of acid reflux especially in the third trimester when the baby is larger and puts pressure on internal organs. Changes in hormone levels also weaken the LES. These two factors combine, resulting in regular acid reflux and heartburn. Happily the symptoms disappear in the vast majority of cases when the baby is born.

Some foods, known as trigger foods have been linked to acid reflux disease and heartburn, although, rather than being the cause of acid reflux they tend to be the triggers that can set off symptoms in someone who has already developed acid reflux disease.

Alcohol, carbonated beverages, chocolate, citrus fruits, coffee or tea, fatty and fried foods, tomato based food and tomatoes,garlic and onions, mint and spices and spicy food are all attributed with worsening acid reflux disease in some people.

Other things that can cause acid reflux are :
Exercise too soon after eating can lead to acid reflux as it increases the pressure inside the abdomen.
Eating late in the evening can lead to night-time reflux.
Being overweight which puts added pressure on internal organs including the stomach.
Bending at the waist after a meal can put pressure on the stomach and lead to acid reflux.
Some medication such as aspirin and NSAIDs (non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) have been linked to acid reflux disease.

Happily, acid reflux disease can be controlled in most people with a mix of drugs to reduce acid levels and lifestyle changes and diet.

Why Heart Cancers Are Quite Rare?

Have you ever thought why there is cancer related to blood, brain, bones, lungs and various other body parts besides the heart? Most of us have never heard about heart cancer or tumors and most of us simply assume that it maybe because the heart is the symbol of emotion and maybe it is something which is immune against diseases. However, it is not like that.

Heart cancer or heart tumor (rhabdomyosarcomas) are very much rarer. A normal tumor, which is known as sarcoma often originates from the soft tissue of the body while the rhabdomyosarcomas will occur in the muscle tissues of the heart. As per various researches and studies conducted approximately on 10,000 to 12,000 autopsies, it was found out that about 0.1% of the people had heart tumor and this amounts to about seven major cases with regard to cardiac tumor.

A detail analysis into this will show you that the most of the cancers that are there in the heart originate from other parts of the body. As per most of the scientist and doctors, they can be called as secondary tumor. So what is this so called cancer, how does it work? Our body is composed of astronomical kinds of cells and they are uncountable. Some may estimate that it is about 37.2 trillion. As we are healthy, our cells cooperate and work, sharing a lot of the work to be done by our body. So as each cell goes to their separate business, that involves dividing, growing, sharing, and ultimately dying; they do their work.

Cancer is the aberration of the cellular process. Cancer stars when the cells to grow and develop out of control. Now the major reason for this is due to the problematic DNA, genetic disorder that is present in each of the cells, etc. Normally, when a cell is in problem or suffers from any kind of issues, it would repair the damaged DNA or just dies. However, in the case of the cancer cell, it is a different story. The cancer cells don’t get repaired or even die. They go on multiplying and creating more abnormal cells which have damaged DNA.

In addition, there is another unusual characteristic of the cancer cells. They can grow, invade and destroy other tissues and cells of the body. A normal cell doesn’t have this function. A lot of scientist feel that heart cancer is less likely to affect a person as we get half of our genes from our fathers and other half from our mothers. Now this may somewhat say that our genetic fate is quite sealed and protected, but it is not something that can be termed as a truth. It can be surprising to some, that our environment affects by the genes and it is the one which decides which genes has to be active and which has to be inactive.

The carcinogens that are there in the food and the environment are the supreme factor for such kind of influence, making the genes active or inactive. For example, you may find many toxins on the tissues of the breast as there is a huge amount of fat present there. A simple rule one has to keep in mind is that wherever there is fat, there would be toxins present there. Maybe that is the reason why the heart is an exceptional case. Since there are no fatty tissues present in the heart and as heart is situated in a closed membrane, that is why there is less chances for a person to get heart cancer.

Candida Yeast Infection: a Visible THREAT

Yeast infection from Candida is caused by a type of bacteria or fungus, which grows out of bounds. The other name for yeast infection by Candida is candidiasis. This yeast infection from Candida can be the result of different kinds of Candida microbes. To cure such an infection, it is best to understand how and what causes yeast infection by Candida, and what the symptoms are.

Knowing about yeast infection by Candida:

All people have Candida microbes inside them to a certain degree. As such this fungus is not harmful to human beings as long as it is contained within boundaries. Other bacteria in the human body are tasked with limiting the growth of Candida. These friendly bacteria may be menaced by factors inside and out. If the menace develops into a harmful action, then these bacteria are no longer able to resist the Candida microbes. Candida sees this as an opportunity to grow and to provoke yeast infection. There are twenty different kinds of Candida microbes. The better known variants are Candida Albicans and Cutaneous candidiasis. Men, women and even children can be affected by yeast infection by Candida. Other yeast infection by Candida is very frequent; it can also in certain circumstances generate even more serious problems and complications.

Fundamental reasons for yeast infection by Candida:

Yeast infection by Candida can be the results of several different factors. Some of the most frequent reasons for this infection are the following:

1) Antibiotic medicaments: antibiotics can damage the good bacteria in the human body. For this reason, they are then unable to control the proliferation of Candida fungus, and yeast infection can set in.

2) Malfunctioning immune system: automatically makes people more susceptible to yeast infection. Some people have the disadvantage of inherently weak immune systems.

3) Other diseases: Medication destined to combat such illnesses may itself worsen Candida yeast infection. Cancer and diabetes are some of the illnesses that can leave openings for Candida yeast invasion in human beings.

Women are therefore particularly at risk here and must take special precautions to prevent yeast infection by Candida. Certain contraceptive pills and also pregnancy itself can engender yeast infection by Candida.

External manifestations of yeast infection by Candida:

Immediate treatment for Candida yeast infection should be invoked if the following symptoms appear: a feeling of itching, vaginal discharge, a burning feeling during when urinating, and redness, soreness and pimples are all suspects, and also disrupted periods, nausea and fever.

Applying a cure for yeast infection by Candida:

The beneficial approach of holism allows for a broader treatment of Candida yeast infection. It also avoids undesirable secondary effects while doing this. This is made possible from the natural cure to treat this kind of infection and therefore, so as to eliminate Candida yeast infection completely, holistic cures and alternative treatment are to be preferred. Even if conventional treatments for yeast infection by Candida exist, alternative medication is also available. This alternative treatment works better because of treating the yeast infection holistically.

Cancer Treatment – Surgery as Breast Cancer Treatment Option.

No person wants to undergo surgery. Luckily, breast cancer surgery that is performed today is targeted than it has been in the past. Individuals today do not experience as much scarring and are able to quickly recover while also receiving treatment that is effective enough to lower the odds of recurrence.

The tools that are utilized to diagnose cancer are now more precise because the disease itself is better understood. Normal methods are still used, but not automatically. Each instance of cancer is different and is analyzed in a different manner. Breast cancer patients now have options, they are now able to be active participants in their surgery decisions.

One of the most common choices made is known as a lumpectomy. Just what it sounds like, a lumpectomy is the surgical removal of the lump that constitutes the cancer tumor. Even here there are a wide range of choices. The amount of tissue removed around the lump varies. Surgeons make a judgment call about how much is needed to reduce the chances of the cancer returning.

Depending upon the location and size of the tumor and how long the tumor has been growing and developing one or more lymph nodes might be removed in the process of a lumpectomy. Lymph nodes are bean-sized glands that are shaped like oval. They operate as part of a system that runs throughout an individual’s body. Lymph nodes are necessary in the immune system. They fight bacteria and foreign body invasion.

Once cancer has reached and infected a lymph node the cancer can easily and quickly spread all over the body through the blood vessels connecting the lymph nodes together. If this occurs it can make cancer extremely difficult to treat. Often times chemotherapy and even radiation treatments are necessary at this stage.

To reduce the chances of this occurring, surgeons usually remove one or more of the lymph nodes that are located close to a cancerous tumor. Lab tests are then conducted to check to see if the cancer has spread. Again each case is different and the options and actions should be discussed with the medical team involved.

Breast cancer, like others, develops in stages determined by the size, location and type of tumors that make up the cancer. When breast cancer has reached a stage where it’s called for, surgery may go beyond a lumpectomy. The patient and doctor (usually an oncologist) may opt for a partial or segmental mastectomy, sometimes called a quadrantectomy.

In that procedure more breast tissue is removed than in a simple lumpectomy. In many cases radiation therapy may be part of the follow up treatment regimen, often extending for six or eight weeks. The goal is to ensure that all the cancer was removed, or that any remaining malignant tissue the surgeon was unable to get is destroyed by the radiation.

In more extreme cases, which are fortunately recommended much less often today, a mastectomy may be performed. Most or all of the breast is removed. When no lymph nodes are taken, the procedure is called a simple or total mastectomy. When all the breast tissue is removed, along with the nipple and lymph nodes in the armpit, the surgery is termed a modified radical mastectomy.

When a surgeon has to remove the chest wall muscles the procedure is then called a radical mastectomy. This action is very extreme and is not typically used today. When it is required prosthetics and reconstructive surgery can often be used to completely restore an individual’s appearance.

Hospital stay varies with the type of treatment, ranging from outpatient, same-day release for a simple lumpectomy to a week for more intensive procedures. Explore all your options and research the effects carefully. Ask questions and don’t be put off by too-busy physicians. Finding one willing to answer questions at length in layman’s terms is the first step toward proper treatment.